The Congress of ViennaReactionary attempt to restore and preserve the Old Monarchies against new Republican and Nationalistic ideas.
The 3rd great peace congress of modern history for a European New Order was mainly the work of Prince Metternich who rejected the liberal and nationalistic ideas of the time as dangerous to the state.
Political principles of the congress :
Legitimacy (Talleyrand's principle to justify the dynastic claims of the Ancien Regime);
Solidarity (common policies of the legitimate princes against revolutionary ideas and movements).
The balance of power between the 5 great powers (Austria, Britain, Russia, Prussia & France) was restored.
Establishment of the Holy Alliance
All European monarchs, exept the Pope and the Sultan joined the alliance.
Opposition to the Holy Alliance errupted in the Revolutions of 1848.