Ming China 1368-1644
Mongol rule in China provoked a native reation in 1368, which brought the Ming dynasty to power with its capital at Nanking.
Early in the Ming period (1405-33) naval expeditions, led by admiral Cheng Ho, opened new trade routes to Southeast Asia and the Persian Gulf.
But mindful of previous Mongol invasions the Mings moved the capital back to Peking ( = capital of the North) to improve
the defense of the northern frontier.
Ming China reacted to the advances of Europeans, the incursion of the Mongols and Japanese pirates with increasing isolationism.
From History Online
by Frank E. Smitha.