The Saxons in Britain

408
Roman legions withdraw from Britain. Britain endures devastating attacks by the Picts, Scots and Saxons.
410
Britain gains independence from Rome.
420-30
Britain is ruled by petty tyrants.
c.452
Increasing Saxon settlement in Britain. British strategy seems to have been to allow Saxon landings and to then contain them, there.
477
Saxon chieftain, Aelle, lands on Sussex coast. Over next nine years, Saxon coastal holdings are gradually expanded in Sussex.
c.485-96
Period of legendary King Arthur's 'twelve battles' during which he gains reputation for invincibility.
519
Kingdom of the West Saxons (Wessex) founded with Cerdic its first ruler.

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Comprehensive Timeline of Britain

King Arthur
Legend and Tradition

The Celtic people

The Saxons