The Punic Wars see term 'Punic'
Roman expansion in Sicily led to a conflict with Carthage in north Africa. The Phoenician trading center of Carthage was then the greatest city in the world. A monumental strugggle (the 3 Punic Wars) over control of the western Mediterran-ean between Rome and Carthage began in 264 BC and lasted until 146 BC, when Rome triumphed and its rival was destroyed.
The 1st Punic War (264-241 BC)
Naval battle of Mylae in 260 BC.
Another naval victory of the Romans enabled them to land in Africa and advance to the city of Carthage. Using cavalry and elephants the Carthagians counterattacked.
After years of warfare with
a new Roman fleet was victorious in 241 BC which led to a peace treaty and to the establishment of the